Upgradations The existing mm field guns have been upgraded to mm. A new class of weapon-locating radars was inducted along with various types of more accurate, terminally-guided ammunition and projectiles. A major exercise was initiated to recognise the infantry battalion for optimum utilization of combatant manpower and enhancement of combat efficiency.
The infantry units were provided with various advanced types of grenade and rocket launchers as well as Ground Position Receiver System. Special emphasis was laid on equipping the forces with the latest communication system for counter-insurgency operations. The equipment include radio sets with frequency-hopping and encryption facility, high frequency and very high frequency sets for the mechanized forces and infantry and wide band radio relay sets for point-to-point communication.
A secure network of Very Small Aperture Terminal was commissioned for reliable and stable communication in the forward areas. Production of assault bridges, hitherto imported, have been indigenised under the guidance and support of DRDO. To match the increasingly advanced types of improvised explosive devices IED employed by terrorists and anti-national elements, particularly in the insurgency-prone areas, a state-of-the-art counter-IED equipment is being procured and issued to units deployed in such areas.
Financial allocation of at least 3 per cent of the GDP is necessary to built the required force capability. The Indian Army has a manpower complement of about ten lakh and an inventory of wide range and depth, increasing its annual revenue expenditure. Our challenge is to get the balance of revenue and capital right, with the ratio revenue: Feature Stories See all. Disarmament efforts must include China as well as US, Russia: Erdogan says won't go back on S deal with Russia.
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India’s military modernization and balance of power in South Asia
Company Corporate Trends Deals. Politics and Nation. International Business World News. National International Industry Multimedia. NIFTY 50 10, Large Cap. Invest Now. Portfolio Loading Drag according to your convenience. ET NOW. Pinterest Reddit. ET Online. India's first indegenously developed nuclear submarine Arihant, which has completed the sea trials held so far, will undergo its maiden missile firing test soon.
In pic: INS Arihant. When it comes to undersea naval fleet, Indian Navy 's submarine strength is not as impressive as its neighbour China.
India’s military modernization and balance of power in South Asia
India's indigenously built nuclear-powered submarine INS Arihant is still undergoing performance trials. In an attempt to bolster the maritime prowess, Modi-led government has cleared the indigenous construction of seven stealth frigates and six nuclear-powered submarines at a cost of about Rs 1 lakh crore in February The mega plan, the first of its kind, could give the navy much-needed teeth but it will take a long time to implement - even accelerated development will take close to a decade before the first boat comes in.
Follow ETDefence Twitter handle for comprehensive coverage on other buzzing Defence stories The decision to build the six new submarines is part of the year submarine building programme cleared in The plan is to have 24 submarines in 30 years.
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The first project was the P75, under which six Scorpene-class submarines are being built in India. The ongoing Rs 23, crore construction of six French Scorpene submarines at Mazagon Docks Mumbai is running four years behind schedule. The first Scorpene, which was finally undocked on April 6, , is now to be commissioned in September The other five will be delivered by , at intervals of nine months each.
Another project for six more submarines was cleared by the government last year and this project was titled P75I. Billed as the largest Make in India project, the P 75I is in its final stages and the navy is set to go ahead with the process to select a foreign design.
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The Indian Ocean region IOR is the one of the most contested zones, where both India and China are trying to create a strategic influence. With two-thirds of the global oil, half of the container traffic and a third of the cargo traffic passing through it, the IOR holds a special significance for the entire world. With increasing signs that China is expanding its influence in the region, it is imperative for the Navy to have the best-in-class naval fleet to counter.
In second series of articles on India's defence preparedness, we take a look at the recent developments to boost India's undersea fleet: Also read: Defence preparedness: India plans to build at least two more Arihant-class submarines.
5 Latest Defense Deals of India You Must Know
Though Arihant was initially supposed to be a fast-attack submarine, the project was realingned to make it a ballistic missile submarine following the nuclear test conducted by India in Pipavav, in which Anil Ambani-led Reliance Group is in the process of acquiring a majority stake, proposes to execute the program under a joint venture, with 51 per cent stake, consistent with MoD regulations, a company statement said. The indicative value of work proposed to be undertaken by the proposed JV is approximately Rs 11, crore, it added. Sindhughosh This will also mark the first time the work for refit of submarines was being considered for the private sector in India.
Under the terms of the agreement, Zvyozdochka will provide complete technical assistance and support to the JV, including inter alia for enhancement of infrastructure at the Pipavav facilities, training of engineers among others. Struggling with a depleted underwater fleet, the Navy has finalized a contract with Russian shipbuilder Zvezdochka and will be sending the first submarine for the refit in June next year.
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The extensive refit, the value for which is pegged at Rs 5, crore for a total of four submarines, will not only extend the life of the boats but will also upgrade their combat potential. While the first of the four submarines will be upgraded at Severodvinsk in Russia, the plan is to upgrade the remaining three in an Indian yard as part of the 'Make in India' initiative.
Zvezdochka, which is the Russian yard tasked with the modernization process, has already tied up with Reliance Defence to upgrade the submarines at the Pipavav yard in Gujarat. However, the Navy has currently awarded the upgrade contract for the first submarine only. A decision on the remaining will be taken after a review of Indian yards and their capability to undertake the complex upgrade.